Table of contents
What is the dismissal protection lawsuit?
The dismissal protection lawsuit is a legal tool for employees to challenge a dismissal. It allows the employee to have the dismissal reviewed by the court for its validity. The invalidity of a dismissal can result from various reasons. For example, the dismissal
What are the benefits of an action for unfair dismissal?
The action for protection against unfair dismissal is intended to ward off unjustified dismissal. It can have two goals:
If the labour court considers the dismissal to be unlawful, it determines that the dismissal is invalid. The employment relationship will then continue to exist. The employer may terminate the employment relationship for any other reason not reviewed in the court proceedings. However, this notice of termination must then be submitted again in compliance with the formal requirements. The employee can (and must) continue to offer and provide the work performance.
The consequences of continued employment can be expensive for the employer. Because
To avoid these risks, employers usually agree to a severance payment of up to half a gross monthly salary per year of employment.
There are also situations where the labour court orders the employer to pay severance pay: This is the case, for example, if you as an employee cannot reasonably be expected to continue the employment relationship or if you have been dismissed for operational reasons and are entitled to severance pay. In order to be entitled to this, your employment contract, an applicable works agreement or collective bargaining agreement must provide for severance pay in the event of dismissal for operational reasons.
What is the deadline to file a dismissal protection lawsuit?
The complaint against a termination can only be filed within a so-called preclusion period. This means that the validity of the termination cannot be contested after this period has expired. From the time of receipt of the termination by you, the lawsuit must be filed with the court within 3 weeks with reasons. Otherwise, the notice of termination is considered valid, regardless of whether the employer may have disregarded the legal requirements for termination. An extension of the deadline is rarely possible, and only if the delay in the lawsuit was not the fault of the employer.
What are the costs of a dismissal protection lawsuit?
Going to a lawyer can frighten many employees. Even an initial interview with a lawyer costs about 200 euros. Added to this are the costs for legal representation in court in the further proceedings as well as court costs. The lawyer's fees in dismissal protection proceedings are usually 60 percent of a gross monthly salary or more. Furthermore, there is the risk of losing the proceedings and having to pay the costs in addition to the termination of the employment relationship. However, with CONNY you can enforce your rights regardless of your budget. We take on your cost risk in exchange for a success-based commission from your severance payment.